| BOARDS AND COMMITTEES
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Creating Organizational Policies
Policy is: an organized state; political sagacity; state craft; diplomacy; prudent, expedient or advantageous procedure; shrewdness, artfulness; stratagem; course of action; a chief living sense. Oxford Universal Dictionary
The governing board "ensures citizen participation at the policy-making level in groups that provide service to a pluralistic society." American Symphony Orchestra League
A policy is a "general rule or principle, or statement of intent or direction which provides guides to administrators in reaching decisions with respect to the particular matters entrusted to their care." Charles A. Nelson
"Governance out of policy means no board activity takes place without reference to policies. John Carver
"Policy leadership clarifies, inspires, and sets a tone of discourse that stimulates leadership in followers." John Carver
Four types of policies:
Criteria for Effective Policies
* Policies convey values and beliefs.
* Policies are clear enough to provide leadership.
* Policies state ends to be achieved.
* Policies are principles of prudence and ethics.
* Policies make statements that frame staff and volunteer choices.
* Policies address the manner in which power is passed to executive machinery.
* Policies address the manner in which the board represents the "ownership."
* Policies can be initiated anywhere in the organization.
* Policies are continually up-dated.
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